Rishi Sunak has released his Job Support Scheme and upon scrutiny he must do Better
What is the Job Support Scheme?
- The Job Support Scheme will run for six months from 1 November.
- It will top up salaries in companies which can’t take employees back full-time.
- To be eligible, employees must work for at least one-third of their normal contracted hours.
- For the hours not worked, the government and employer will each pay one-third of the remaining wages. This means the employee would get at least 77% of their pay.
What other jobs help is on offer?
To minimise unemployment, the UK government will also give firms:
- £1,000 for every furloughed employee kept on until at least the end of January
- £1,500 for every out-of-work 16-24 year-old given a ”high quality” six-month work placement
- £2,000 for every under-25 apprentice taken on until the end of January, or £1,500 for over-25s
But will it incentivise businesses to keep employees in work?
In an example where the employer has 3 staff, the demand has fallen by 2/3 those 3 staff would work 1/3 of their contracted hours but will be paid 55% of their wages by the employer, 22% by the treasury and take a hit for 23% of their wages. So the employer gets 1 FTE (Full Time Equivalent) work but pays for 1.65 FTE.
If the employer dismissed two of the staff and just had one working full time then they would pay 1 FTE.
So what then will be the considerations for the employer?
It is likely that those highly skilled workers, along with those for whom it would be expensive to dismiss in terms of redundancy pay will be kept on, but low skilled workers will lose their jobs as there is no incentive to the employer for keeping them on.
Again we see how strongly unionised workplaces will fair better than those non unionised ones
What alternatives are there?
One simple answer is to scrap the £7.5bn JRB (Job retention bonus) which is paid to employers who retain workers the consideration being that those workers were likely to have been kept on anyway so the £1000 payment was unnecessary and should be used to meet the shortfall in wages for those workers only working 1/3 of the time. This short hours scheme will incentivise employers to keep those staff.
In Germany the Kurzarbeit, effectively a social insurance programme, and an alternative to redundancy. Under Kurzarbeit, employers reduce their employees’ working hours instead of laying them off. But the largest portion of the workers’ lost income is picked up by the state.
Better unemployment benefit in line with the rest of Europe or better still it would seem then that both the government and the employers have accepted the fate of the retail high street to be a bad one but if, as the CEO of next argues, this is so then why are we not embarking on mass training schemes to give people skills for the future whilst these wont necessarily be building solar and wind infrastructure they could well be within the internet based retail economy.
Shadow chancellor Anneliese Dodds said that his latest measures, which will replace the job retention scheme that paid 80 per cent of furloughed employees’ wages, will not save masses of jobs from being lost. Dodds said the “million-dollar question” was whether the wage support scheme would fail to incentivise employers to keep workers in their jobs. She told Radio 4’s Today programme that “unemployment levels are rising very substantially, they’re going back towards 1980s levels.”
The Resolution Foundation think tank also warned that the “winter economic package” would not help turn the tide on unemployment. Chief executive Torsten Bell said: “Design flaws mean that the new [scheme] will not live up to its promise to significantly reduce the rise in unemployment.” He added: “Those mistakes could be addressed by scrapping the poorly targeted £7.5 billion job retention bonus, and using those funds to ensure the new support scheme gives firms the right incentives to cut hours rather than jobs.”
Trade Union Congress (TUC) general secretary Frances O’Grady warned there is still “unfinished business.” She said: “Unworked hours under the scheme must not be wasted. “Ministers must work with business and unions to offer high-quality retraining, so workers are prepared for the future economy. “The government should target help at industries facing a tough winter, and provide more support for families most at risk of hardship and debt.”
PCS general secretary Mark Serwotka called the measures “akin to using a plaster to cover a gaping wound.” “Our members in the commercial sector, aviation and culture are already being threatened with hundreds of redundancies, as employers seek to capitalise on the economic fallout from Covid-19,” he said. “The Tories’ ideological opposition to increased state intervention is hurting the economy and costing people their livelihoods right now.”
Centre for Labour and Social Studies (Class) director Dr Faiza Shaheen called the announcement “too little to late” for those who have already lost their jobs, and for the sector’s hardest hit. She said: “What Britain needs is a real budget that sets out how departmental spending would boost a recovery, generate jobs and provide real ‘level-up’ equality. We need more vision and a real industrial strategy.” Dr Shaheen said the Conservatives’ approach to the economy is “increasingly looking chaotic and reactionary.”
Labour MP Richard Burgon called for a more radical approach, noting that Britain was facing the worst recession in Europe because of “systemic failings.” He called for “a united programme of demands that we coordinate the whole left around: the left in parliament, the unions, the party membership and social movements,” calling for adoption of a zero-Covid strategy and Labour to campaign for a programme of public works and the Green New Deal to “force the government to change track on health and the economy.”